Part 2 available here.
I would add that Christianity and Islam make many of these claims. Christians claim that Jesus fulfilled prophecies of the Old Testament. (I’ve dealt with these in the past, and find them unpersuasive.) I’ve also seen a number of Islamic claims that the Koran predicted scientific discoveries. For example, they claim that the Koran predicted the expanding universe:
“And the sky we built it with might and We cause the ‘expansion’ of it” (Koran 51:47) or “We created the heavens with Our strength and power, and constantly expand them.” (Koran 51:47)
Of course, “expansion” doesn’t mean that the sky is expanding, but the word “expansion” can be used to describe an expanse. And the second version was, apparently, a bit of creative translation by people eager to make it anticipate the science. Other translations of the same verse:
“We built the heaven with Our might, giving it a vast expanse, and stretched the earth beneath it” (Source)
“And the heaven, We raised it high with power, and most surely We are the makers of things ample.” (Source)
“And the Heaven–with our hands have we built it up, and given it its expanse;” (Source)
“We have built the heaven with might, and We it is Who make the vast extent (thereof).” (Source)
Just goes to show what power translators have when they know what scientific discovery they want it to predict. For what I’ve seen, it seems that the “Koran predicted science” idea is a popular meme among Muslim evangelists.